The Grandeur of Taj Mahal-Tomb of Love

One knows that ‘The Taj’ is one amongst the World’s Wonders!
One knows that it is one amongst the UNESCO World Heritage Sites!!
One knows The Taj as a legend of eternal love of an Emperor for his favourite Queen!!!

Well, ‘The Taj’ has distinctions much beyond just these!
Therefore, ‘The Taj’, surely, deserves your visit once and more!!!

Come, walk along the pathway beside the reflecting pool with fountains upto the mausoleum crafted in soft & pure marble and jewelled with semi precious stones, where in the serenity of paradise rests the Queen in peace with her King. Come to unfold the pages from the past to churn the charm out of its mystique and enrich your imagination about this marvel of an epic in stone, The Taj!

The grace of perfection of proportions and grandeur of geometrical patterns of well appointed gardens enhancing the poise of the whole complex together add magnificence to the delicacy of this mance of love, dedication and purity, ‘The Taj’!

Come take a dip into the saga of ‘The Taj’, culled out from no fiction but facts and unfurl a saga, which is set out of nothing but pure love!

Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder! Probably for Taj Mahal, the axiom is just the other way round.The Taj is the beauty personified! The Taj displays its different moods through its varied shades. The Taj has as many shades as any kind of beauty can ever have! The Taj is pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening, golden when the moon shines and the intermediary variants during different hours of the day and during different seasons in a year.

Picturesque descriptions by the historians contemporary to the period of its making, the facts revealed by the scholars & archaeologists of today and the panoramic montage of the reasons behind its making are sketched with every step you would walk towards the mausoleum the next time you visit The Taj!

A look this time at the Taj will keep you indulged with thoughts superimposing your sight and would make you feel the presence of Shah Jahan, the Maker and Mumtaz Mahal, the Reason, as though walking along with you.

Whence its breathtaking splendour makes you wonder breathlessly and you tend to pause for a while but to continue staring at ‘The Taj’, you would sense them standing beside you!

If one has a heart that beats and that beat throbs to seek, the purity of love in galore! Surely one deserves a visit to ‘The Taj’, as much as ‘The Taj’ deserves your visit once, and more!

Come to ‘The Taj’ with blissful pride! Bring the saga come alive!! Come; fall in love, every time!!!

Visiting Hours – Taj Mahal Sunrise to Sunset (Friday Closed) also Other Monuments-from sunrise to sunset

Entry Fee For Taj Mahal
 

S.No. Tourist Type Amount (Rs.) (Inclusive of ASI & ADA fees )
1. Foreign tourist

750/-

2. Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries

510/-

3. Domestic/Indian Rs. 20/-
Note-
  1. For all the World Heritage Sites tickets are available on Ticket Counters of World Heritage Sites in India.
  2. A composite ticket of Taj Mahal (Inclusive of ASI & ADA fees) is available at all World Heritage Sites in india.
  3. No Entry fee for children below the age of 15 years. (both Domestic and Foreigner)

Ticketing

ENTRY FEE FOR VARIOUS MONUMENTS IN AGRA

Monuments For Indian Tourist For Foreign Tourist
A.S.I. A.D.A. Total A.S.I. A.D.A. Total
Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs.
Taj Mahal 10 10 20 250 500 750
Taj Museum, Taj Mahal 5 Nil 5 5 Nil 5
Agra Fort 10 10 20 250 50 300
Fatehpur Sikri 10 10 20 250 10 260
Akbar’s Tomb Sikandra 5 5 10 100 10 110
Mariyam Tomb, Sikandra 5 Nil 5 100 Nil 100
Ram Bagh 5 Nil 5 100 Nil 100
Itmad-ud-Daula 5 5 10 100 10 110
Mehtab Bag 5 Nil 5 100 Nil 100
Note-

  1. Tourists are supposed to buy both the ASI and ADA tickets to visit the various monuments in Agra.
  2. For All the monuments ASI Charges Indian fee from the nnationals of SAARC and BIMSTEC countries while no such provision has been made ADA tickets.
  3. No entry fee for children below the age of 15 years (both Indian and Foreigner).
  4. Taj Mahal is closed on every Friday.
  5. Agra Development Authority (A.D.A.) does not levy any toll tax on Friday at any monument.
  6. Ticket window & cloak room for Taj Eastern Gate are available at Shilpgram and Cloak room for Taj Western Gate is available at Taj Shopping Complex.

 About Taj Mahal 

The Maker of Tajmahal

Emperor SHAH JAHAN I The Romantic

The Fifth Mughal Emperor: Shah Jahan [1592 – 1666]
Reign 1628 – 1658
Full name Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan, also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan
Born 5 January 1592
Birthplace Lahore
Died 22 January 1666 (aged 74)
Place of death Agra
Buried Taj Mahal
Predecessor Jahangir
Successor Aurangazeb
Wives Akbarabadi Mahal (d. 1677), Kandahari Mahal (b. 1594, m. 1609) Mumtaz Mahal (b. 1593, m. 1612, d. 1631), Hasina Begum Sahiba (m. 1617), Muti Begum Sahiba, Qudsia Begum Sahiba, Fatehpuri Mahal, Sahiba (d. after 1666), Sarhindi Begum Sahiba (d. after 1650), Shrimati Manbhavathi Baiji Lal,Sahiba (m. 1626)
Offspring Jahanara Begum, Dara Shukoh, Shah Shuja, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum [Many more died at birth or at an early age]
Dynasty Mughal
Father Jahangir
Mother Princess Manmati
Religious beliefs Islam
Shahab Uddin Muhammad Shah Jahan I (full title: Al-Sultan al-‘Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Abu’l-Muzaffar Shahab ud-din Muhammad, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Zillu’llah [Firdaus-Ashiyani]) ruled India from 1628 until 1658.From ‘Khurram’ to Shah Jahan: The blue-eyed of the Mughal Royals, the young ‘Khurram’ impressed his father the Emperor Jahangir with his intense military successes of 1617 against the Lodi in the Deccan, which effectively secured the southern border of the empire.The grateful father rewarded him with the prestigious title ‘Shah Jahan Bahadur ‘, which implicitly sealed his inheritance. The name Shah Jahan comes from Persian meaning “King of the World.”

His early years saw him receive a cultured, broad education and distinguish himself in the martial arts and as a commander of his father’s armies in numerous campaigns, where he became responsible for most of the territorial gains of his father’s reign. Khurrum also demonstrated a precocious talent for building, impressing his father at the age of 16 when he built his own quarters within Babur’s Kabul fort and redesigned several buildings within Agra fort.

He was the fifth Mughal ruler after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir. While young, he was a favourite of Akbar. Like Akbar, he was eager to expand his empire. Even while very young, he could be pointed out to be the successor to the Mughal throne after the death of Jahangir. He succeeded to the throne upon his father’s death in 1627. He is considered to be one of the greatest Mughals and his reign has been called the Golden Age of Mughals.

Shah Jahan erected many splendid monuments, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra. The Pearl Mosque at Agra, the palace and great mosque at Delhi. The celebrated Peacock Throne, said to be worth millions of dollars by modern estimates. He was the founder of Shahjahanabad, now known as ‘Old Delhi’. Other creations of Shah Jahan also include the Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas within the Red Fort in Delhi.

The Fifth Mughal Emperor: Shah Jahan [1592 – 1666]

As a young man, he was married to two wives known as Akbarabadi Mahal (d.1677 AD), and Kandahari Mahal (m.1609 AD). Beforehand however, in 1607 AD, Khurram had been betrothed to Arjumand Bano Begum, the grand daughter of a Persian noble, who was just 14 years old at
the time. She would become the unquestioned love of his life and they were married in 1612 AD.

According to the official court chronicler Qazwini, the relationship with his other wives “had nothing more than the status of marriage. The intimacy, deep affection, attention and favour which His Majesty had for the Cradle of Excellence [Mumtaz] exceeded by a thousand times what he felt for any other”.
Shah Jahan was utterly devoted to Mumtaz Mahal, who was his constant companion and trusted confidante and their relationship was intense. Indeed, the court historians go to unheard of lengths to document the intimate and erotic relationship the couple enjoyed.

Sheela Reddy in her Taj Trivia termed Shah Jahan as ‘The Man of Marble’. Quoting the Austrian art historian Ebba Koch and her book, “The Complete Taj Mahal”, she says that Shah Jahan picked the site for Taj for its great view from Raja Jai Singh of Amber, in exchange for four mansions.

His own burial was not grand; he was taken quietly by two men by boat and laid beside Mumtaz.

The Rule

Although his father’s rule was generally peaceful, the empire was experiencing challenges by the end of his reign. Shah Jahan reversed this trend by putting down a Islamic rebellion in Ahmednagar, repulsing the Portuguese in Bengal, capturing the Rajput kingdoms of Baglana and Bundelkhand to the west and the northwest beyond the Khyber Pass. Under his rule, the state became a huge military machine and the nobles and their contingents multiplied almost fourfold,as did the demands for more revenue from the peasantry. It was however a period of general stability — the administration was centralised and court affairs systematised. Historiography and the arts increasingly became instruments of propaganda, where beautiful artworks or poetry expressed specific state ideologies which held that central power and hierarchical order would create balance and harmony.

The Wealth

Under Shah Jahan the Mughal Empire attained its highest union of strength with agnificence.
The land revenue of the Mughal Empire under Shah Jahan was 20.75 million sterling. The magnificence of Shah Jahan’s court was the wonder of European travellers. His Peacock Throne, with its trail blazing in the shifting natural colors of rubies, sapphires, and emeralds, was valued by the jeweller Tavernier at 6.50 million sterling.

Emperess MUMTAZ MAHAL I Exotic Beauty
The Mughal Empress: Mumtaz Mahal [1593 AD – 1631 AD]

Reign 1628 – 1658
Full name Arjumand Banu Begum
Born April, 1593
Birthplace Agra
Died 17 June 1631
Place of death Burhanpur
Buried Taj Mahal
Consort to Shah jahan
Offspring
  1. Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 – 1616).
  2. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 – 1681).
  3. Shahzada (Imperial Prince) Dara Shikoh (1615 – 1659).
  4. Shahzada Mohammed Sultan Shah Shuja Bahadur(1616 – 1660).
  5. Shahzadi Roshanara Begum (1617 – 1671).
  6. Badshah Mohinnudin Mohammed Aurangzeb (1618 – 1707).
  7. Shahzada Sultan Ummid Baksh (1619 -1622).
  8. Shahzadi Surayya Banu Begum (1621 – 1628).
  9. Shahzada Sultan Murad Baksh (1624 – 1661).
  10. Shahzada Sultan Luftallah (1626 – 1628).
  11. Shahzada Sultan Daulat Afza (1628 – ?).
  12. Shahzadi Husnara Begum (1630 – ?).
  13. Shahzadi Gauhara Begum (1631 – 1707).
    Children, who unfortunately could not live for long
Dynasty Mughal
Father Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, a Persian noble.
Religious beliefs Shi’a Islam


Arjumand Banu Begum, popularly known as Mumtāz Mahal (April, 1593 – 17 June 1631) meaning “beloved ornament of the palace” was an Empress of India during the Mughal Dynasty. Her father was the brother of Empress Nur Jehan (who subsequently became the wife of the emperor Jahangir). She was religiously a Shi’a Muslim.

Betrothed to Prince Khurram in 1607 AD at the age of 14 years, she was married five years later on 10 May 1612, a date selected by the court astrologers as most conducive to ensuring a happy marriage to Prince Khurram, who later ascended the Peacock Throne of India as the fifth Mughal Emperor and populary known as Shah Jahan I. She was his third wife, and became his favorite.

After their wedding celebrations, Khurram “finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time”, gave her the title ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ Begum (Chosen One of the Palace). The intervening years had seen Khurrum take two other wives.

Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan’s trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire.

His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. Mumtaz was portrayed as the perfect wife with no aspirations to political power .

She also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights performed for the court. It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire. Mumtaz devoted some time to a riverside garden in Agra and it may have been her affection for this garden that prompted the eventual form of her monument.

Casue of Building Taj Mahal

Emperess MUMTAZ MAHAL I Exotic Beauty
The Mughal Empress: Mumtaz Mahal [1593 AD – 1631 AD]

Despite her frequent pregnancies, Mumtaz traveled with Shah Jahan’s entourage throughout his earlier military campaigns. She was his constant companion and trusted confidant and their relationship was intense.

She died in Burhanpur [1631 AD] in the Deccan (now in Madhya Pradesh) during the birth of their thirtheenth child, a daughter named Gauhara Begum. She had been accompanying her husband whilst he was fighting a campaign in the Deccan Plateau. Her body was temporarily buried at Burhanpur in a walled pleasure garden known as Zainabad originally constructed by Shah Jahan’s uncle Daniyal on the bank of the Tapti River. Her original grave still lies here.

Burhanpur was never intended by her husband as his wife’s final resting spot. As a result her body was disinterred in December 1631 and transported in a golden casket escorted by her son Shah Shuja and the head lady in waiting of the deceased Empress back to Agra. There it was interred in a small building on the banks of the river Yamuna.

Shah Jahan stayed behind in Burhanpur to conclude the military campaign that had originally bought him to the region. While there he began planning the design and construction of a suitable mausoleum and funerary garden in Agra for his wife, a task that would take more than 22 years to complete, the Taj Mahal.

Today, the Taj Mahal stands as the ultimate monument to love and homage to her beauty and life.

The contemporary court chroniclers paid an unusual amount of attention to Mumtaz Mahal’s death and Shah Jahan’s grief at her demise. In the immediate aftermath of his bereavement, the Emperor was reportedly inconsolable.

Apparently after her death, Shah Jahan went into secluded mourning for a year. When he appeared again, his hair had turned white. His back was bent, and his face worn. Since Mumtaz had died on Wednesday, all entertainments were banned on that day. Jahan gave up listening to music, wearing jewellery or rich and colourful clothes and using perfumes for two years. Jahan’s eldest daughter, the devoted Jahanara Begum, gradually brought him out of grief and took the place of Mumtaz at court.

The Queen Mumtaz Mahal’s personal fortune valued at 10,000,000 rupees was divided by Shah Jahan between Jahanara Begum, who received half and the rest of her surviving children.

Immediately after the burial in Burhanpur, Jahan and the imperial court devoted themselves to the planning and design of the mausoleum and funery garden in Agra, now known as the Taj Mahal or fondly, The Taj!

Story Of The Taj mahal
A TIMELESS SAGA I Mughal Splendour
Who could ever think that an eternal love leading to the saga of infinite bondage can evolve out of a desert like land and would blossom to be the reason to gift our world a poem-in-marble, The Taj!No image of The Taj, neither on canvass nor on celluloid, can adequately express its conceptual imaginary nor convey the legend, the poetry and the romance that shrouds what Rabindranath Tagore calls “a teardrop on the cheek of time”.The Taj Mahal, a spectacle in white marble, unparalleled in grandeur that depicts the sheer opulence of an era. The awesome structure, the monument of love that Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan gave to the world, stands as a testimony of his intense love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

It is a romance celebrated in marble and glorified with precious and semi-precious stones and that’s the way to appreciate it!

Uttar Pradesh, the Land of The Taj is rich in its cultural heritage and has always been a prominent arena of politics since the ancient times. Agra, the City of The Taj and once the capital of the Mughal Empire during the 16th through the early 18th centuries, enjoys a close proximity to the National Capital City of New Delhi.

Tourists from all over the world visit Agra to make a pilgrimage to Taj Mahal, India’s most famous architectural wonder, in a land where magnificent temples and edifices abound to remind visitors about the rich civilization of a country that is slowly but surely lifting itself into an industrialized society as well.

Taj Mahal means “Crown Palace” and is in fact the most well preserved and architecturally beautiful tomb in the world. The English poet, Sir Edwin Arnold has described The Taj as “Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor’s love wrought in living stones.”

It is a romance celebrated in marble and glorified with precious and semi-precious stones and that’s the way to appreciate it!.

Taj Mahal stands on the bank of River Yamuna, which otherwise serves as a wide moat defending the Great Red Fort of Agra, the center of the Mughal emperors until they moved their capital to Delhi in 1637. It was built by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1631 in memory of his third but the most favourite wife, in fact a soul-mate Mumtaz Mahal, a Muslim Persian princess. She died while accompanying her husband in Burhanpur in a campaign to crush a rebellion after giving birth to their 13th child. The death so crushed the emperor that all his hair and beard were said to have grown snow white in a few months.

When Mumtaz Mahal was still alive, she extracted four promises from the emperor: first, that he build the Taj; second, that he should marry again; third, that he be kind to their children; and fourth, that he visit the tomb on her death anniversary. However, due to ill health and being under house arrest by his own son and successor to the throne, Aurangzeb, barred him from continue to keep the last promise.

The Taj rises on a high red sandstone base topped by a huge white marble terrace on which rests the famous dome flanked by four tapering minarets. Within the dome lies the jewel-inlaid cenotaph of the queen. So exquisite is the workmanship that the Taj has been described as “having been designed by giants and finished by jewellers”. The only asymmetrical object in the Taj is the casket of the emperor which was built beside the queen’s as an afterthought.

Legend has it that during his eight years long ailment and imprisonment, Shah Jahan used to intensly view The Taj lying on the bed through a diamond fixed in the wall in front at a particular angle. WOW!!!

As a tribute to a woman of exotic beauty and as a monument of a love story, which is keeping us engrossed even when we are reading through these pages here, truely an ever-lasting romance of a love not ended as yet, the Taj reveals its subtleties to its beholder!

The rectangular base of Taj is in itself symbolic of the different sides from which to view a beautiful woman. The main gate is like a veil to a woman’s face which should be lifted delicately, gently and without haste on the wedding night. In Indian tradition the veil is lifted gently to reveal the beauty of the bride. As one stands inside the main gate of Taj, his eyes are directed to an arch which frames the Taj.

The dome is made of white marble, but the tomb is set against the plain across the river and it is this background that works its magic of colours that, through their reflection, change the view of the Taj. The colours change at different hours of the day and during different seasons.

The Taj sparkles like a jewel in moonlight when the semi-precious stones inlaid into the white marble on the main mausoleum catch and reflect back its glow with a better gleam. The Taj is pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden when the moon shines. These changes, they say, depict the different moods of a beauty of any kind.

Different people have different views of the Taj but it would be enough to say that the Taj has a life of its own that leaps out of marble. A masterpiece of the art and science of architecture, a representative of an era called The Mughal Period surpassing any authority to add or de-add anything in any sense in or out of the Taj!

The Taj Mahal stands tall with grace is not just a parable epitome of emotional & eternal love between a man and a woman but for other reasons too _

Emperor Shah Jahan, who commissioned the construction of ‘The Taj’, desired to create it also as a symbol of solemnity, harmony, purity and spirituality as well.
The Taj is not merely a monument of grace and dignity alone. It is, in fact, a message to all mankind that “Pure love is the soul of life”.

The Taj is a reminder for all mankind about the universally accepted but not so well practiced concept of ‘Love & Peace’, the essence of the paradise, free from conflicts of races and geographical boundaries is important to be observed solemnly.

The Taj is simply a majestic tribute to an exotic beauty!

The saga of The Taj would be half told if the myths related to it are not mentioned. Like many a great buildings the Taj Mahal has its myths and legends. It seems that there is more fiction on the Taj than serious scholarly research. Several of the stories belong solely to oral tradition and are
told by the guides, some are so established that they form a popular history of the monument and have made their way into guidebooks, and some have been taken up by scholars, or even created by them, and thus become part of the scholarly debate.

Facts

To the last category belong the oldest tales of the Taj. Here the most widely known is the story of the second Taj, the ‘Black Taj’, which Shah Jahan intended to build in black marble opposite the present mausoleum, on the site of the Mahtab Bagh. It goes back to Jean-Baptiste Tavernier who, when at Agra in 1665 AD, reported that ‘Shahjahan began to built his own tomb on the other side of the river, but the war with his sons interrupted his plan, and Aurangzeb, who reigns at present, is not disposed to complete it. Shah Jahan was put under house arrest by his own son and successor by force, Aurangzeb. The latter did not agree with his father on most issues and was particularly opposed to him building a black Taj as his own mausoleum.

Upon Shah Jahan’s death, Aurangzeb made the body of the Emperor, who got the body of his beloved Mumtaz in a golden casket from Burhanpur to Agra, carried in a boat by only two men and buried him in the Taj, next to his wife in probably the simplest manner.

Shah Jahan, the Emperor, who fulfilled the wishes of his beloved, could not find fulfilment of his own wish to build a Black Taj to express his mourning for the beloved Queen Mumtaz Mahal even after his death. That was the serenity in the purity of love. 

Legend has it that during his eight years long ailment and imprisonment, Shah Jahan used to intensly view The Taj lying on the bed through a diamond fixed in the wall in front at a particular angle, WOW!!!

As a tribute to a woman of exotic beauty and as a monument of a love story, which is keeping us engrossed even when we are reading through these pages here, truely an ever-lasting romance of a love not ended as yet, the Taj reveals its subtleties to its Beholder! Come!! Be Thy One!!!

How To Get  There

Air:

Domestic Airport is available at Agra, which is connected to Delhi. Information regarding the connecting flights may be obtained from the Airport on the following phone number -+91-562–2400569 and from the following tourist offices:-

  1. Govt. of India Tourism Office 191, Mall Road, Agra Ph- + 91-562-2226368
  2. Office of U.P. Tourism 64, Taj Road, Agra. Ph- +91-562-2226431

Rail:

Timing at Agra of Trains Agra is well connected to all major cities of India. Some of the important trains are :

Sl No Train No Name of the Train  From – To          Timings
Arrival
Departure
01 2001 Shatabdi Express Bhopal- Delhi

2025

2030
Except Friday

01 A 2001 A Shatabdi Express Bhopal- Delhi

2038

2043
Friday only

02 2002 Shatabdi Express Delhi- Bhopal

0812

0817
Except Friday

02A 2002A Shatabdi Express Delhi- Bhopal

0827

0832
Friday only

03 2279 Taj Express Jhansi – H. Nizamuddin

1847

1855

04 2280 Taj Express H. Nizamuddin –Jhansi

1007

1015

05 1077 Jhelum Express Pune – Jammu Tavi

1705

1710

06 1078 Jhelum Express Jammu Tavi – Pune

1350

1355

07 2621 Tamilnadu Express Chennai- Delhi

0345

0348

08 2622 Tamilnadu Express Delhi-Chennai

0107

0110

09 2617 Mangla Express Ernakulam- H.Nizamuddin

1010

1018

10 2618 Mangla Express H.Nizamuddin- Ernakulam

1220

1225

11 2715 Sachkhand Express Nanded – Amritsar

0833

0838

12 2716 Sachkhand Express Amritsar- Nanded

1630

1635

13 2611 Garib Rath Express Chennai- H. Nizamuddin

0755

0757
On Sunday only

14 2612 Garib Rath Express H Nizamuddin – Chennai

1808

1810
On Monday only

For Updates : http://www.indianrail.gov.in

Road:

Agra is well connected to major cities in the country and is situated on the Golden Triangle of the Tourist Circuit (Delhi-Agra-Jaipur). It is connected to Delhi and Varanasi By NH-2, to Jaipur by NH-11 and Gwalior By NH-3. The major road distances are :
Bharatpur-57 km, Delhi-204 km ,
Gwaior- 119 km, Jaipur- 232 km,
Kanpur- 296 km ,
Khajuraho-400 km ,
Lucknow-369 km ,
Mathura- 56 km,
Varanasi- 605 km.

The Agra Fort

The great Mughal Emperor Akbar commissioned the construction of the Agra Fort in 1565, A.D. although additions were made till the time of his grandson Shahjahan.
The forbidding exteriors of this fort hide an inner paradise. There are a number of exquisite buildings like Moti Masjid – a white marble mosque akin to a perfect pearl; Diwan-I-Am, Diwan-I-Khaas, Musamman Burj – where Shahjahan died in 1666 A.D. Jahangir’s Palace; Khaas Mahal and Shish Mahal.

Open : Sunrise to sunset.
Distance about: 4.7 Kms from Agra Cantt Railway Station.
Entry fee : Domestic Tourist : 20/- Foreign Tourist : 300/-

 

Fatehpur Sikri 

An epic in red sandstone. A city of yesteryears, today lost in the mists of time. Fatehpur Sikri was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar during 1564 A.D. A sonless Akbar had gone to Sikri to seek blessings of a muslim Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti and he was blessed with a son, he in gratitude, constructed his capital city and named it Fatehpur Sikri. Later, due to shortage of water and unrest in north-west, Akbar had to abandon this city. The beautiful marble tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti attracts thousands who seek blessings of the revered saint. Other renowned places are Diwan-I-Am, diwan-I-Khaas, Buland Darwaza, Panch Mahal, Jodha Bai’s Palace and Birbal Bhavan.

Open: Sunrise to sunset.
Distance about : 39kms from Agra City.
Entry fee : Domestic Tourist : 20/- Foreign Tourist : 260/-

Best Hotel To Stay Near Taj Mahal

Sl.No.

Name of Hotel Phone No(s)

No. of  Rooms

No. of beds

Tariff

1

UPSTDC Tourist Bungalow, Station Road, Raja-Ki-Mandi 2850120, 2851720

35

72

600-1700

2

UPSTDC Taj Khema, Eastern Gate of Taj Mahal 2330140, 2230001

14

28

1200-2500

3

UPSTDC Gulistan Tourist Complex, Fatehpur Sikri 05613 -282490

24

48

500-975

Luxury Hotels :

Sl.
No

Name of the
Hotel

Address

Telephone No.

Star Classified

No. of Rooms

No. of beds

Tariff

1

Amar Vilas Eastern Gate Taj Mahal 2231515

5 Star Deluxe

102

204

15500-100500

2

Jaypee Palace Fatehabad Raod 2330800-819

5 Star Deluxe

341

682

9500-50000

3

Mughal Shereton Fatehabad  Road 2331701-28

5 Star Deluxe

233

470

16000-80000

4

Clarks Shiraz Taj Road 2226121-32

5 Star

237

474

6000-7500

5

GateWay(Taj View) Fatehabad Road 2232400-406

5 Star

100

195

9000-19000

6

Trident Hilton Fatehabad Road 2331818

5 Star

138

276

6750-10000

7

 Marina (Holiday Inn) Sanjay Place 2523460-75,
2523535

4 Star

94

188

6000-12000

8

Amar Fatehabad Road 2331884 – 89

3 Star

66

132

3400-8000

9

Man Singh Palace Fatehabad Road 2331771-778

5 Star

97

194

6000-12000

10

Pushp Villa VIP Road Taj Mahal 3290267,
2334301

51

102

1600-2500

11

Grand Cantt Railway Station Road 2227511-14

72

144

2500-6000

12

Haward Park Plaza Fatehabad Raod 2331870,
2330408 Fax

86

172

6000-7000

13

Yamuna View
(Agra  Ashok)
The Mall Road 2361223,
2361225

55

110

4500-7200

14

Ashish Palace Fatehabad Road 2230032,
2330404(Fax)

40

80

1400-4000

Get a Travel Guide to Explore Taj Mahal

For details regarding govt. approved tourist guides following offices may be approached :- G.O.I Tourist Office, Mall Road, Agra Tel : (+91) (562) 2226368 and office of UP Tourism is as follows :- 64, Taj Road. Ph. : (+91) (562) 2226431. Detail of approved guides in Agra

S.No.

Name & Address

Contact No.

Language

1.

Shri Wasim Zama Khan
S/o. Mr. Shamim Zama Khan
Kili Khana, Fatehpur Sikri, Agra
Mob. 9837324005
Tel. No. 0562-2482524

(English)

2.

Shri Yogesh Kumar Sharma
S/o Mr. D.K. Sharma
89, Vishnu Coloney, Shahganj, Agra
Mob. 9837023145
Tel No. 0562-2211875

(Japani)

3.

Mr. Bharetandra Kumar Jain
S/o Mr.
E-3/1324, Shaheed Nagar, Agra
Mob. 9837166427

(German)

4.

Mr. Adarsh Verma
S/o Mr. J.K. Lal Verma
MMIG-82 Indra Puram, Agra
Mob. 9897271399

(English)

5.

Mr. Sarfaraz Ahmad Khan
S/o Mr. Umardaraz Khan
Nagla Mewati, Agra
Mob. 9412443675
Tel No. 0562-2333529

(English)

6.

Mr. Mohd. Arif Khan
S/o Late Majeed Khan
13/74′ Bagichi Rati Ram, Taj Ganj, Agra
Mob. 9319108864
Tel No. 0562-2232178 (P.P.)

(French)

7.

Mr. Vishvesh Kumar
S/o Mr. Shiv Kumar
Civil Lines, Jaipur
Mob. 9412157267
Tel No. 05623128726

(French)

8.

Mr. Kamal Kumar Kunawat
S/o Late Mohan Lal Kunawat
Shilpi Colony, Jaipur
Tel. No. 0412344380

(English)

9.

Mr. Vikas Munot
S/o Mr. B.L. Munot
Jaipur
Mob. 01412705426

(English)

 

Entry Fee For Taj Mahal

S.No. Tourist Type Amount (Rs.) (Inclusive of ASI & ADA fees )
1. Foreign tourist

750/-

2. Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries

510/-

3. Domestic/Indian Rs. 20/-
Note-

  1. For all the World Heritage Sites tickets are available on Ticket Counters of World Heritage Sites in India.
  2. A composite ticket of Taj Mahal (Inclusive of ASI & ADA fees) is available at all World Heritage Sites in india.
  3. No Entry fee for children below the age of 15 years. (both Domestic and Foreigner).

Entry Gate to Taj Mahal 

The four storeyed main gateway of the Taj Mahal is 100 feet high and is built in red sandstone. The Arabic calligraphy from the Holy Quran and motifs of entwined flowers, leaves and vines spiraling down its niches. These motifs have been made by semi-precious stones inlaid in the white marble.The  Southern Gate : The Gate is towards the south, Which faces the old Mumtazabad (Modern Taj Ganj). It is meant for the pedestrians. On the right side of this gate is a Tomb of red stone which is surrounded by court yards and crowded with a dome. It is said that this is a grave of one lady companion of Mumtaj Mahal. Due to this reason this building is called as the Tomb of a Maid of Honour.

It stand on an evelated square measuring 156 feet each way. In the central chamber, there are two uninscribed tombs of marble stone. The platform of the building is octagonal and the cupola is turnip-shaped.No historian has given an account of these graves, yet they agree with this probability that these graves may belong to the personal ward attendants of Mumtaz Mahal.Just opposite this building, there is a red stone edifice of the same type.

The  Eastern Gate :

This gate faces towards Fatehabad. There is a domed tomb erected on an elevated platform near this gate . This Tomb was built in the memory of another wife of Shah Jahan called Sirhindi begum. Due to this, the gate is known as ‘Sirhi Darwaza’.The main building is eight sided, having twenty four arches,a big hall and a verandah.

The Western Gate : 

It is the main entrance to the Taj Mahal and this gate faces towards the Agra cantonment and Agra city.There is a red sand stone edifice outside this gate which is known as Fatehpur Begum another wife of Shah Jahan.It is erected on a beautiful terrace.The count yard is paved and its measurements are 130 feet and some 175 to 200 persons can perform Namaz in here.

The Gate Way To The Taj Mahal :

This gate way is an octagonal entrance hall, surrounded by small rooms on both the sides of the floors having beautifully ornamented gates on two sides, one opening towards the court yard side and the other to wards the Mausoleum itself. On the three sides of this gateway , there are strong balconies. The Gateway is a master piece of fine inlay work in itself.

Do and Donts

INFORMATION FOR TOURISTS VISTING TAJ MAHAL

Water bottle is allowed inside the monument. Shoe covers, Half Litre water bottle and Tourist Guide Map of Agra, Battery Bus & Golf Cart Service are provided free of cost with the foreigner’s entry ticket for the Taj. Wheel Chair for Disabled People & First Aid are available at ASI Office at Taj Mahal Ph. No : 0562 – 2334098.

Do’s

• Tourist are adviced to use South Entry gate in case of long queues on East and West gate.

• Tourists must co-operate in keeping the monument neat & clean by using dustbins.

• Tourists are advised to hire approved guides & photographers who exhibit their identity cards.

• Taj Museum inside Taj Mahal Complex opens from 10.00 AM to 5.00  PM, entry ticket of Rs. 5/- can be purchased at the museum or at the booking counters.

• Above mentioned list of prohibited items along with mobile phones are  banned for night viewing of the Taj Mahal. Video camera, extra batteries are prohibited though still camera is permitted after the    security check.

• No Polluting vehicles are allowed within 500 mts. Radius of Taj Mahal. Parking Facility is available at Shilpgram for Eastern Gate & at Amrood-Ka -Teela for Western Gate.

Don’ts

• Eating and smoking is strictly prohibited inside Taj Mahal. Arms, ammunitions, fire, smoking items, tobacco products, liquor, eatables  (Toffees), head phones, knives, wire, mobile charger, electric goods (except camera) are also prohibited.

• Mobile phones are to be kept switched off.

• Please avoid carrying big bags and books inside the monument, this may increase your security check time.

• Photography is prohibited inside the main mausoleum.

• Avoid touching & scratching the walls & surfaces of the monument as these are heritage sites and need special care.

• Visitors are requested not to make noise inside.

Emergency Contact Numbers 

Emergency Numbers

Tourist Police Station Fatehabad Road

. City Control Room Ph. : 100

. Sadar Bazar 2463369, 9454402758

. Rakab Ganj 2463720

. Taj Mahal 2330498

. Distt. Information Officers 2420012

. Superintendent of Police (City) 9454401007

. S.P. Railway 9415904764

. C.O. (VIP) 2225900

. Foreigners Registration Office & L.I.U., Police Line 9454401717

. Air port 2400569

. District Magistrate 2461251, 2466210

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: