Hamirpur District is situated between 76º 18′ to 76º 44′ East longitude and 31º 25′ to 31º 52′ North latitude. The tract is hilly covered by Shivalik range. The elevation varies from 400 meters to 1100 meters having the configuration ranging from the almost flat-lands that border the portion of rivers Beas to the lofty heights of cliffs and precipitous slopes of hill-ranges. There are three principal ranges which run in a South-Easterly direction. It is situated at lower elevation and comparatively warmer but has some hilly ranges covered with Pine forests. This district was made in 1972 by carving it out from the Kangra district. It is well connected by roads from all sides. At present the known tourist attractions are Deot-Sidh, Temples of Sujanpur Tira and Nadaun. Hamirpur town is the Headquarter of this District, which lies on Shimla Dharamshala road. Majority of the population here comprise of Hindus. Bulk of the people speak Pahari. Hamirpur is the most Literate district in Himachal Pradesh. The majority of its population fluently speaks Hindi. Beas river flows through the northern part of and Satluj river flows through the southern part of district Hamirpur. Both of these two rivers namely Beas and Satluj are the famous rivers in Himachal Pradesh.
This is another area situated at lower elevation and comparatively warmer but has some hilly ranges covered with Pine forests. These hills can be developed for trekking and camping during winter months. This district was made in 1972 by carving it out from the Kangra district. It is well connected by roads from all sides and thus can be promoted as a tourist destination by developing some historical and religious places. At present the known attractions are Deot-Sidh, Temple of Sujanpur Tihra and Nadaun. Hamirpur town is the Headquarter of this District, which lies on Shimla-Dharamshala road.
Area: 1118 sq. km
Population: 4.12 lakh
Clothing: Cotton clothes in Summer and light woollen in winter.
Language Hindi, Punjabi, English are understood and spoken by the people engaged in tourism trade.
Hamirpur is well connected by Roads with all the major cities / towns of neighboring States and Districts .
Some of the Stations / Routes from where Buses originates for Hamirpur.
Delhi / Panipat / Kurukshetra / Ambala / Chandigarh / Ropar / Una
Amritsar / Jalandhar / Ludhiana / Hoshiarpur / Una
Jammu / Pathankot / Kangra / Palampur
Dehradoon / Haridwar / Ambala / Chandigarh / Ropar / Una
Keylong / Manali / Mandi / Sundernagar
Kalpa / Rampur / Shimla / Bilaspur
Chamba / Nurpur / Kangra / Palampur
For more detail information visit Himachal Road Transport Corporation
Rail: The nearest broad gauge railway station is Una and nearest narrow gauge railway station is Ranital (Pathankot-Joginder Nagar railway line) and is connected by regular bus service. There is no direct Train service to this town. The nearest railway stations from Hamirpur is Una (Broad Gauge Railway line), Amb (Broad Gauge Railway line) and Jawalamukhi Road (Narrow Gauge Railway line). Una railway staion is approx. 80 KMs far from Hamirpur and frequent bus / Taxi service is available from Una. Amb railway station is approximately 70 KMs away from Hamirpur town.
For more detail information visit Indian Railway
As there is no Airport in Hamirpur, thus there is no direct Air service / flight to this town. The nearest Airport to Hamirpur is Gaggal (Kangra). Gaggal Airport is approx. 83 Kms far from Hamirpur and frequent bus / Taxi service are available from Hamirpur.
Places to visit in Hamirpur
Narvdeshwar Temple is situated in the Sujanpur town. It was got built by the chief queen of Maharaja Sansar Chand. Artists belonging to the court of Raja has drawn vivid and beautiful pictures pertaining to Ramayana, Mahabharta & Bhagwat Puran and also of wild animals and birds. The temple has been constructed in the open ground. There are small temples constructed around the main temple of Sun, Durga, Ganesh, Laxmi Naryana and Mahisasur Mardini. The temple is over two hundred years old built in Bhitti style.
This temple of God Shiva is situated at a distance of 5 km on the Nadaun- Sujanpur road at the meeting place of Beas river and Kunah Khad. This temple is about more than 400 years old. In the month of ‘Baishakh’ ( May-June), during the mela large number of devotees visit this place to have a glimpse of Shivling. According to the ancient grape-vine, the construction of this temple was started by the ‘Pandavas’ of ‘Mahabharatha’ fame with the help of Vishva-Karma in the night during their secret exile. But the construction of the temple was abandon by ‘Pandavas’ as they were spotted by the local people. Later on, this temple was constructed by the King of Katoch dynasty. This pilgrimage place is considered as sacred as Haridwar in Uttaranchal. The people who are unable to visit Haridwar, immerse the mortal remains of their relatives, in the sacred water of this place.
Murli Manohar Mandir:
It is situated in the historical chowgan of Sujanpur Tira. This temple is very old and is constructed in “Shikar Style”. Images of Lord Krishna and Radha are placed in it. The wood work is covered with sculpture of unique scenes. There is an open courtyard near the temple where images of different Gods and Goddesses are placed. This temple was constructed during the reign of Maharaj Sansar Chand.
The temple of goddess Tauni- Devi is situated on the Hamirpur- Awah devi road at a distance of about 12 km from Hamirpur. The temple is more than 200 years old and a fair is held during the month of Asharh (June- July). A large number of people visit this temple during the fair. This goddess is considered as the sister of goddess Durga. People visit this place to get rid of rainy season deceases. The temple is well managed by a local committee.
Baba Balak Nath:
This temple is situated in village Chakmoh of district Hamirpur. It is 45 Kilometers from Hamirpur and is on the border of Hamirpur and Bilaspur districts. It is one of famous temples of the Northern India.It is situated on the top of a magnificent hill. There is a cave carved out of a rock which is stated to be the abode of Babaji. An idol of Babaji is placed in this cave. The devotees offer ‘Rot’ prepared with floor and Sugar / Gur at the altar of Babaji. Some of the devotees offer goats. Entry of females in the cave is forbidden. There is a raised platform just opposite to the cave from where the females can have ‘Darshan’ of Babaji. Six kilometers from this temple, there is a place called Shah-talai where Baba is said to have practiced penance. There is a trust namely ‘Sidh Baba Balak Nath Temple Trust’ that keeps a watch on the functioning of the temple. ‘Mela’s are organized during Holi festival. Sunday is considered auspicious day of Babaji and consequently attracts huge devotees on this day. (http://www.jaibabedi.com)
The temple Jalpa Devi (Awah Devi) is situated in tehsil Bhoranj on Hamirpur- Sarkaghat road at a distance of 24 km from Hamirpur. Mandir is situated in the beautiful surrounding on the top of a hill. This place serves as a well known junction because roads coming from Bilaspur, Mandi, Kangra and Una pass through this place. This temple is over 250 years old and is managed by a local committee. As per the local story, the people of Mandi district wanted to carry the idol of goddess to their place. While they were carrying the idol to their place, they lost their eyesight. When they turned back, their eyesight was re-stored. At the last they were forced to place the idol at that place from where they were taken it. Since then, the local people have de-faith in the goddess. Most of the people worship this goddess as their ancestral goddess (Kul-devi). Every year large number of devotees visit this temple and pray for fulfilling their wishes. Ecological survey of India, has chosen this place ( hill of temple ) as maximum height for the District Hamirpur.
Gasota Mahadev Temple:
Shiv Mahadev temple Gasota is over 400 hundred years old and is situated on Hamirpur- Jahoo road at a distance of 8 km from Hamirpur. A fair is held on 1st Monday of ‘Jeshtha’ month (last May) every year. This fair is also known by the name of cattle fair Gasota. People and traders visit this place during mela to have glimpse of Shiv- linga and for selling and buying of cattle. This is very beautiful place. Natural water streams flow on both sides of the temples which adds to its beauty. A cow shed and inn has been built in the temple complex to facilitate visitors. The temple is managed by the local panchayat.
Jhanyari Devi Temple:
Jhanyari devi (Durga) temple is situated on the Hamirpur- Nadaun road at a distance of 6 km from Hamirpur. This temple is more than 200 years old and is managed by a local committee. Every year on the eve of ‘Jeshth- Shukla’ ‘ashtami’ a fair is held here. During this period local people and people from off places visit this temple. It is historical temple because it is said that king of Katoch Dynasty used to worship this Goddess as kul- devi (ancestral goddess). According to the old saying, the Goddess directed king belonging to Katoch Dynasty in the dream to establish here a temple within his temple complex. The king went to bring the idol of goddess accompanied by a huge procession with a palanquin (palki). When the procession reached the destination and placed the palanquin on the earth to fetch the idol of Goddess. But when they started lifting palanquin, they could not do so as its weight increased enormously. As a result of that the procession along with the king had to stay there. During the night in the dream the goddess told the king that once palanquin is lifted to fetch the goddess, it should not be placed on land. Hence the idol should be established at the same place where the present temple is located.
The temple of mother Kalanjari devi is situated on the Hamirpur- Awah devi road at a distance of about 6 km from district Hamirpur. This temple is more than 200 years old. Large number people and saints visit this temple to seek the blessings of this goddess. Every year during the month of ‘Asharh’ (June- July) a huge fair is held here. A large number of people visit this temple in the hope of that their wishes will be fullfilled by the goddess.
Gurudwara sahib Nadaun:
Shri Gurudwara Saheb10th Patshahi is situated at Nadaun in District Hamirpur at a very beautiful place at the bank of Beas river. This Gurudwara is managed by the Shiromani Gurudwara Management committee Amritsar, Punjab. There exists proper arrangement for the comfortable stay for the visitors at this place. It is a historical Gurudawara. According to history Shri Guru Gobind Singh has fought second battle of his life which he has described in 10th Granth ‘Nadaun Jang’. The battle was fought on 4th April 1891. The first battle was fought between Shri Guru Gobind Singh and king of Bilaspur near Bhagani Pavnta Saheb. Second battle was fought by Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji with Mughals on the invitation of leader of hilly king Shri Bhim Singh king of Bilaspur. Guru Gobind Singh came to fight the battle along with a group of 500 Sikhs with Mughals lead by Alfa Khan Hussain. Mughals were defeated in this battle. Shri Guru Gobind Singh stayed at this place for eight days after the battle.
Peer- Saheb Grave :
Peer Saheb Grave is situated at a distance of 1 and ½ km away from Nadaun sub-division on the way of Nadaun- Hoshiarpur road at village ‘Bharmoti’, tehsil Nadaun district Hamirpur. This grave is 30 km away from Hamirpur. According to the local history, Sai Fazal Shah was very popular saint for this area. People have their blind faith upon him as he left his number of mysterious things during his life, by which he became very popular amongst people. A large ‘Bhandara’ is organized in the last month of ‘Magh’ (2nd week of February). A wrestling competition is also organized here. King of Katoch Dynasty Sansar Chand was also very much impressed by his mystery. Sansar Chand king of Katoch Dynasty had constructed a grave here.
Hamirpur Historical, Geogrphical, Social Information
Physical: The Hamirpur district is situated between 76-17-50 to 76-43-42 east longitudes and 31-24-48 to 31-53-35 north latitudes. It is located in the south western part of Himachal Pradesh. It is covered by lower Himalayas, the elevation varies from the 400 meters to 1,100 meters. The main hill ranges of the district are known as Jakh Dhar & Sola Singhi Dhar. The Jakh dhar runs in continuation of Kali Dhar range in the Kangra district. It enters in Hamirpur district near Nadaun and transverses it into southeastern direction. The town of Hamirpur lies to the east of this range where the country is undulating but in the north and north east bare and rugged hills, deep ravines with precipitous sides transform the landscape into what has been described as an agitated sea suddenly arrested and fixed stones. The Chabutra hills have the same dip and strike as in the Jakh Dhar and are continued beyond the Beas to what is known as the Changar, a mass of rugged and broken hills. The Sola Singhi Dhar is the longest range of the tract and is known under various names such as Chintpurni and Jaswan Dhar in Una and by Sola Singhi in Hamirpur. Thus Dhar enters Hamirpur to the east of Tappa Daruhi and traverses it in a south-easterly direction more or less parallel to the Jakh Dhar and terminated on the Satluj. Hamirpur district is bounded in the north by river Beas which separates it from Kangra district. In the east Bakar and Seer Khads separate it from Mandi district. In the south, It is bounded by Bilaspur district and in the west by Una district.
History: The history of Hamirpur is closely associated with the Katoch dynasty which ruled the area between the Ravi and Satluj rivers in the olden days. It is evident from the “Puranas” and Panini’s “Ashtadhyai” that during the Mahabharta period, Hamirpur was a part of the old Jallandhar-Trigarta empire. Panini referred to the people of this kingdom as great warriors and fighters. The tradition of those people seems to have continued till today, as is evident from the large number of people from the region in Indian defence forces. It is believed that in the ancient period, the rulers of Gupta dynasty had set up their sovereignty over this part of the land. During the middle ages, Presumably the area fell under the control of Mohammed Gazani, Timurlang and later Sultans. But with the passage of time, all the aforesaid rulers went away and at the time of Hamir Chand, a Katoch ruler, the area was under the control of ‘Ranas’ (Feudal hill chiefs). Some of the prominent Ranas were, ranas of Mewa, ranas of Mehalta and Dhatwal. There was no time when these feudal chiefs were not in quarrel against each other. It was only the Katoch dynasty which put these Ranas under its control, to ensure an orderly society. The Katoch dynasty became predominant during the period of Hamir Chand who ruled from 1700 A.D. to 1740 A.D.
It was this ruler who built the fort at Hamirpur and the present town of Hamirpur derives its name from this ruler. Hamirpur came to much lime–light only during the period of Raja Sansar Chand-II. He made ‘Sujanpur Tira’ his capital and erected palaces and temples at this place. Raja Sansar Chand ruled from 1775 A.D. to 1823 A.D. He dreamt of establishing the old empire of Jallandhar-Trigarta, which his ancestors had held at one time, Perhaps according to some historians he tried twice unsuccessfully. The rise of Raja Ranjit Singh proved a great hurdle for his ambitions. Therefore, he diverted his attention towards the local hill chiefs. He attached Mandi state and made Raja Ishwari Sen a pioner for 12 years atNadaun. He also obliged the Suket ruler to pay an annual tribute and annexed parts of Bilaspur state on the right bank of Satluj. Becoming alarmed by the advancement of Sansar Chand, all the hills chiefs joined hands and invited the Gurkhas to stop the uncontrolled might of Katoch ruler. The combined armies fought against Sansar Chand’s army at Mahal Morion in Hamirpur. Raja Sansar Chand army gave a crushing defeat to the combined forces and compelled them to retreat on the left banks of river Satluj. By that time, Raja Sansar Chand, on the advice of his General Ghulam Mohammed tried to effect the economy in the army by replacing the existing ones with Rohillas. This proved a self defeating folly on his part. On hearing about the weakness of Katoch’s army, the combined forces again attacked the forces of Kangra at Mahal Morian in the second battle and forced a crushing defeat in 1806 A.D. Raja Sansar Chand along with family took shelter in the Kangra fort. The Gurkhas sieged the Kangra fort and ruthlessly looted the area between the fort of Kangra and Mahal Mohrian and virtually destroyed the villages. Ishwari Sen was liberated by the Gurkhas from Nadaun jail. The siege of the fort continued for three years. Raja Ranjit Singh on the request of Sansar Chand, Waged war against the Gurkhas and defeated them in 1809 A.D. But Sansar Chand had to pay a heavy price whereby he had to lose Kangra fort and 66 villages to the Sikhs. The Sikhs maintained their sovereignty over Kangra and Hamirpur till 1846 when they were defeated by the British army in the first Anglo-Sikh war. Ever since, the supremacy of the British continued in the area which became a part of the British empire. Sansar Chand died as a most disillusioned man. His successor ( grandson) Raja Pramodh Chand in alliance with the Sikhs and other rulers tried vainly to dislodge the British.
The British made Kangra, of which Hamirpur formed a part, a district in which Kullu and Lahaul-Sipiti were also merged to form the part of the district. In 1846, after annexation of Kangra, Nadaun was made the tehsil headquarters. This settlement was revised in 1868, and as a result the tehsil headquarters was changed from Nadaun to Hamirpur. In 1888, Palampur tehsil was created, merging part of the areas of Hamirpur and Kangra tehsils. Hamirpur remained a part of Punjab province until 1st November 1966, when these areas were merged in Himachal Pardesh consequent upon the reorganization of the Punjab. As a result of re-arrangement of the districts in the merged areas on 1st September 1972, Hamirpur was created as a separate district with two tehsils of Hamirpur and Barsar. In 1980 three more tehsils viz. Tira Sujanpur, Nadaun, Bhoranj were created with the further reorganization of the tehsils. Of these Nadaun and Bhoranj have become full tehsils at the 1991 census. Presently, district has five tehsils viz, Hamirpur, Barsar, Bhoranj, Nadaun and Sujanpur and one sub-tehsil i.e. Dhatwal at Bijhari. It consists of three Revenue Sub-Divisions namely, Hamirpur, Barsar and Nadaun. The Hamirpur Sub-Division comprises of Tehsils Hamirpur, Bhoranj and Sujanpur, the Barsar Sub-Division comprises Barsar Tehsil and Sub-Tehsil Dhatwal at Bijhari, whereas Nadaun Sub-Division comprises only one Tehsil Nadaun. This District has been divided into six Development Blocks such as Hamirpur, Bijhari, Bhoranj, Nadaun, Sujanpur and newly created Bamsan at Touni Devi.
Languages Spoken: People of the Hamirpur district speak dialects of western Pahari. These dialects are akin to other dialects spoken in the adjoining areas of Mandi ,Bilaspur and Kangra districts. According to the classification languages made by the Linguistic Survey of India, Pahari comes under Indo-European family of languages. It has further been classified as a language belonging to Aryan Subfamily, Indo-Aryan Branch, Inner Sub-Branch,Pahari Group and Western Pahari Sub-Group (Census of India 1961, Vol.I.India,Part II-C (ii) Language Tables,p.CLXX). Western Pahari includes a number of district dialects. Besides Western Pahari, bulk of the population of Hamirpur district can speak Hindi.
Living & Food Habits: Generally, people have the pucca houses in the district and are double storeyed. This is primarily because stone is available in abundance and slates for roofs are also available in nearby quarries in the adjoining districts. People, indeed, have developed a taste for good houses and the traditional stones are getting replaced by bricks corrugated sheets and marvel fastly. About 92% population of this district live in the Rural areas and they are agriculturist. They grow wheat, Barley, Gram, Masar etc. in the Rabi season and Maize, Paddy, Blackgram, Kulth etc. in the Kharif season. People like Wheat, Rice as well as Maize Roties with Lassi and Sarson Ka Sag. They also like Curry. Some people also eat meat and drink. Fish is easily available in the Rivers, khads and Nullahs, which flow through the district. Population living in the rural areas keep Goats and Sheep and some people in rural as well as urban areas are also running Poultry Forms which easily meet the demand of the district. To meet out the heavy demand of the fish in the urban areas, Fishery Department also import the fish from the neighbouring districts viz; Bilaspur and Una.
River System: The river is drained by a number of perennial streams which are tributaries of either river Beas or river Satluj. Bakar Khad, Kunha Khad and Man Khad drain into river Beas, while sukar Khad and Mundkhar Khad drain into Seer Khad which ultimately mingles into the river Satluj.
Fauna & Flora: The various species of plants and forest trees are generally found in the districts such as Kikar, Khair, Bil, Sirish, Ambla, Neem, Karal, Taur, Kasmal, etc. The species of animals commonly found in the district are namely leopard, hare, wild boar, jackal kakar, monkey and sambhar. Among the birds commonly found are namely chakor, crow, jungli murga, kala titar, safed titar and woodpecker etc.